Seizure : the journal of the British Epilepsy Association Oct;20(8):602-5. Epub 2011 May 25.
Loyens, E; Schallier, A; Chai, SY; Bundel, D De; Vanderheyden, P; Michotte, Y; Smolders, I
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Drug Analysis, Center for Neuroscience, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels, Belgium.
The peptide angiotensin IV (Ang IV) influences seizure susceptibility in rat and mouse models. Indeed, Ang IV has been shown to protect rats from limbic seizures in the focal pilocarpine model. Moreover, both anticonvulsive and antiepileptogenic effects of Ang IV have been reported in the acute pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) and kindling model of generalized seizures in mice. It has been hypothesized that the latter effects on seizures could be established via a modulatory effect on dopamine receptors in the basal ganglia or via an indirect interaction between Ang IV and adenosine A1 receptors. However, a possible role for insulin-regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP), the high affinity binding site for Ang IV, has not been studied yet. To unequivocally unravel the involvement of IRAP in generalized seizure generation, we investigated the susceptibility of male IRAP wild-type (IRAP(+/+)) and knock-out (IRAP(-/-)) mice to PTZ-induced seizures. Challenging these mice intravenously with PTZ resulted in significantly increased thresholds for myoclonic twitch and generalized clonic seizures with loss of righting reflexes in IRAP(-/-) mice compared to their IRAP(+/+) littermates. These behavioural data were confirmed by video-electrocorticography monitoring. Our study shows that IRAP(-/-) mice are less sensitive to the development of PTZ-induced seizures and suggests that IRAP is involved in generalized seizure generation.