Genes Dev 1995 Aug 15;9(16):1965
Gerondakis, S.; Grumont, RJ; Kontgen, F; Li, R; Metcalf, D; Strasser, A; Tarlinton, D
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria, Australia.
The c-rel proto-oncogene, which is expressed predominantly in hemopoietic cells encodes a subunit of the NF-kappa B-like family of transcription factors. In mice with an inactivated c-rel gene, whereas development of cells from all hemopoietic lineages appeared normal, humoral immunity was impaired and mature B and T cells were found to be unresponsive to most mitogenic stimuli. Phorbol ester and calcium ionophore costimulation, in contrast to certain membrane receptor-mediated signals, overcame the T cell-proliferative defect, demonstrating that T cell proliferation occurs by Rel-dependent and -independent mechanisms. The ability of exogenous interleukin-2 to restore T Cell, but not B cell, proliferation indicates that Rel regulates the expression of different genes in B and T cells that are crucial for cell division and immune function.