Publication in detail

J Immunol 2010 Apr 1;184(7):3433-41. Epub 2010 Feb

Expression of helios, an ikaros transcription factor family member, differentiates thymic-derived from peripherally induced foxp3+ T regulatory cells.

Belkaid, Y; Korty, PE; Murray, PE; Shevach, EM.; Thornton, AM; Tran, DQ; Wohlfert, EA

Laboratory of Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Helios, a member of the Ikaros transcription factor family, is preferentially expressed at the mRNA level by regulatory T cells (Treg cells). We evaluated Helios protein expression using a newly generated mAb and demonstrated that it is expressed in all thymocytes at the double negative 2 stage of thymic development. Although Helios was expressed by 100% of CD4(+)CD8(-)Foxp3(+) thymocytes, its expression in peripheral lymphoid tissues was restricted to a subpopulation ( approximately 70%) of Foxp3(+) T cells in mice and humans. Neither mouse nor human naive T cells induced to express Foxp3 in vitro by TCR stimulation in the presence of TGF-beta expressed Helios. Ag-specific Foxp3(+) T cells induced in vivo by Ag feeding also failed to express Helios. Collectively, these results demonstrate that Helios is potentially a specific marker of thymic-derived Treg cells and raises the possibility that a significant percentage of Foxp3(+) Treg cells are generated extrathymically.

ยป Online Version

Proven Track Record

The team at Ozgene has over two decades of experience creating customised knockout and knock-in mice for pivotal medical research globally. Over 400 scientific publications are based on research using Ozgene mice.

Go to Publications

Global Client Base

Ozgene generates genetically customised mice for researchers around the world. Ozgene mice can be found in 31 different countries on 5 continents from small academic institutions to multinational pharmaceutical companies.

See Client Papers

Lean Management

Ozgene is applying Lean Management principles to deliver the highest quality services and shortest lead times to our customers. The implementation of Lean Culture has already seen an improvement in our processes and timelines.

Read More