Publication in detail

Sci Rep. 2018 Jan 23;8(1):1408. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-19844-7.

Abnormal behaviours relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders in Kirrel3-knockout mice.

Hisaoka, T; Komori, T; Kitamura, T; Morikawa, Y

Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama, 641-8509, Japan. Advanced Clinical Research Center, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 108-8639, Japan.

In the nervous system, Kirrel3 is involved in neuronal migration, axonal fasciculation, and synapse formation. Recently, genetic links have been reported between mutations in the KIRREL3 gene and increased risk of neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability. To elucidate the causal relationship between KIRREL3 deficiency and behavioural abnormalities relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders, we generated global Kirrel3-knockout (Kirrel3-/-) mice and investigated the detailed behavioural phenotypes. In the three-chambered social approach test, Kirrel3-/- mice displayed a significant preference for a mouse over a non-social object but no significant preference for a stranger mouse over a familiar mouse. Ultrasonic communications, including pup-to-mother calls, male-female courtship vocalisation and resident responses to intruder, were significantly impaired in Kirrel3-/- mice. Significant increases in locomotor activity and repetitive rearing were also observed in Kirrel3-/- mice. Furthermore, the performance of Kirrel3-/- mice in the rotarod test was significantly better than that of wild-type mice. In the acoustic startle test, Kirrel3-/- mice were significantly hypersensitive to acoustic stimuli. Anxiety-related behaviours and spatial or fear memory acquisition were normal in Kirrel3-/- mice. These findings suggest that Kirrel3-/- mice exhibit autistic-like behaviours, including social and communicative deficits, repetitive behaviours, and sensory abnormalities, as well as hyperactivity.

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