Publication in detail

Oncogenesis. 2018 Feb 2;7(2):13. doi: 10.1038/s41389-017-0012-8.

Lrig1 is a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor gene in malignant glioma.

Mao, F; Holmlund, C; Faraz, M; Wang, W; Bergenheim, T; Kvarnbrink, S; Johansson, M; Henriksson, R; Hedman, H

Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Department of Neurosurgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China. Department of Pathology/Cytology, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden. Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Neurosurgery, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Regionalt Cancercentrum Stockholm Gotland, Karolinska, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract:
Recently, a genome-wide association study showed that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) -rs11706832-in intron 2 of the human LRIG1 (Leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains 1) gene is associated with susceptibility to glioma. However, the mechanism by which rs11706832 affects glioma risk remains unknown; additionally, it is unknown whether the expression levels of LRIG1 are a relevant determinant of gliomagenesis. Here, we investigated the role of Lrig1 in platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced experimental glioma in mice by introducing mono-allelic and bi-allelic deletions of Lrig1 followed by inducing gliomagenesis via intracranial retroviral transduction of PDGFB in neural progenitor cells. Lrig1 was expressed in PDGFB-induced gliomas in wild-type mice as assessed using in situ hybridization. Intriguingly, Lrig1-heterozygous mice developed higher grade gliomas than did wild-type mice (grade IV vs. grade II/III, p = 0.002). Reciprocally, the ectopic expression of LRIG1 in the TB107 high-grade human glioma (glioblastoma, grade IV) cell line decreased the invasion of orthotopic tumors in immunocompromised mice in vivo and reduced cell migration in vitro. Concomitantly, the activity of the receptor tyrosine kinase MET was downregulated, which partially explained the reduction in cell migration. In summary, Lrig1 is a haploinsufficient suppressor of PDGFB-driven glioma, possibly in part via negative regulation of MET-driven cell migration and invasion. Thus, for the first time, changes in physiological Lrig1 expression have been linked to gliomagenesis, whereby the SNP rs11706832 may affect glioma risk by regulating LRIG1 expression.

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