Publication in detail

PLoS One. 2013 Oct 4;8(10):e75782. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075782. eCollection 2013.

Development of a Conditional Mesd (Mesoderm Development) Allele for Functional Analysis of the Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Family in Defined Tissues

Taibi, AV; Lighthouse, JK; Grady, RC; Shroyer, KR; Holdener, BC

Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, United States of America.

Abstract:
The Low-density lipoprotein receptor-Related Protein (LRP) family members are essential for diverse processes ranging from the regulation of gastrulation to the modulation of lipid homeostasis. Receptors in this family bind and internalize a diverse array of ligands in the extracellular matrix (ECM). As a consequence, LRPs regulate a wide variety of cellular functions including, but not limited to lipid metabolism, membrane composition, cell motility, and cell signaling. Not surprisingly, mutations in single human LRPs are associated with defects in cholesterol metabolism and development of atherosclerosis, abnormalities in bone density, or aberrant eye vasculature, and may be a contributing factor in development of Alzheimer's disease. Often, members of this diverse family of receptors perform overlapping roles in the same tissues, complicating the analysis of their function through conventional targeted mutagenesis. Here, we describe development of a mouse Mesd (Mesoderm Development) conditional knockout allele, and demonstrate that ubiquitous deletion of Mesd using Cre-recombinase blocks gastrulation, as observed in the traditional knockout and albino-deletion phenotypes. This conditional allele will serve as an excellent tool for future characterization of the cumulative contribution of LRP members in defined tissues.

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