Publication in detail

Mol Cell Biol. 2014 Oct 1;34(19):3735-45. doi: 10.1128/MCB.00157-14. Epub 2014 Jul 28.

12-lipoxygenase promotes obesity-induced oxidative stress in pancreatic islets.

Tersey, SA; Maier, B; Nishiki, Y; Maganti, AV; Nadler, JL; Mirmira, RG

Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. Department of Medicine and Strelitz Diabetes Center, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, USA. Department of Pediatrics and Herman B Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

Abstract:
High-fat diets lead to obesity, inflammation, and dysglycemia. 12-Lipoxygenase (12-LO) is activated by high-fat diets and catalyzes the oxygenation of cellular arachidonic acid to form proinflammatory intermediates. We hypothesized that 12-LO in the pancreatic islet is sufficient to cause dysglycemia in the setting of high-fat feeding. To test this, we generated pancreas-specific 12-LO knockout mice and studied their metabolic and molecular adaptations to high-fat diets. Whereas knockout mice and control littermates displayed identical weight gain, body fat distribution, and macrophage infiltration into fat, knockout mice exhibited greater adaptive islet hyperplasia, improved insulin secretion, and complete protection from dysglycemia. At the molecular level, 12-LO deletion resulted in increases in islet antioxidant enzymes Sod1 and Gpx1 in response to high-fat feeding. The absence or inhibition of 12-LO led to increases in nuclear Nrf2, a transcription factor responsible for activation of genes encoding antioxidant enzymes. Our data reveal a novel pathway in which islet 12-LO suppresses antioxidant enzymes and prevents the adaptive islet responses in the setting of high-fat diets.

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