Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 2012 Oct 1;189(7):3707-13.
Belikoff, BG; Vaickus, LJ; Sitkovsky, M; Remick, DG
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA.
Asthma is a chronic condition with high morbidity and healthcare costs, and cockroach allergens are an established cause of urban pediatric asthma. A better understanding of cell types involved in promoting lung inflammation could provide new targets for the treatment of chronic pulmonary disease. Because of its role in regulating myeloid cell-dependent inflammatory processes, we examined A(2B) R expression by myeloid cells in a cockroach allergen model of murine asthma-like pulmonary inflammation. Both systemic and myeloid tissue-specific A(2B) R deletion significantly decreased pulmonary inflammatory cell recruitment, airway mucin production, and proinflammatory cytokine secretion after final allergen challenge in sensitized mice. A(2B) R deficiency resulted in a dramatic reduction on Th2-type airways responses with decreased pulmonary eosinophilia without augmenting neutrophilia, and decreased lung IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 production. Chemokine analysis demonstrated that eotaxin 1 and 2 secretion in response to repeated allergen challenge is myeloid cell A(2B) R dependent. In contrast, there were no differences in the levels of the CXC chemokines keratinocyte-derived chemokine and MIP-2 in the myeloid cell A(2B) R-deficient mice, strengthening A(2B) R involvement in the development of Th2-type airways inflammation. Proinflammatory TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-17 secretion were also reduced in systemic and myeloid tissue-specific A(2B) R deletion mouse lines. Our results demonstrate Th2-type predominance for A(2B) R expression by myeloid cells as a mechanism of development of asthma-like pulmonary inflammation.