Publication in detail

Journal of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system : JRAAS 2014 Feb 14. [Epub ahead of print]

Presence and regulation of insulin-regulated aminopeptidase in mouse macrophages.

Nikolaou, A; Stijlemans, B; Laoui, D; Schouppe, E; Tran, HT; Tourwé, D; Chai, SY; Vanderheyden, PM; Ginderachter, JA Van

Molecular and Biochemical Pharmacology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium

The insulin-regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP) is expressed in several cell types, where it is mainly located in specialized secretory endosomes that are quickly recruited to the cell surface upon cell type-specific activation. Here we describe for the first time the expression and subcellular distribution of IRAP in macrophages. METHODS: IRAP mRNA expression, protein expression and presence at the cell surface was investigated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Western blot and [3H]IVDE77 binding, respectively. RESULTS: IRAP mRNA expression was increased by interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), but not by anti-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)). IFN-γ increased [3H]IVDE77 binding steadily over time, while LPS quickly and transiently recruited IRAP to the cell surface. Combined stimulations with IFN-γ and LPS showed the same pattern as LPS alone. Latex particles also induced a transient recruitment of IRAP to the cell surface, but no difference was observed in phagocytic uptake between wild-type and IRAP-/- macrophages, suggesting that the enzymatic activity of IRAP is not required for the ingestion of particles. CONCLUSION: IRAP is more highly expressed in pro-inflammatory M1-activated macrophages and its presence at the cell surface is modulated upon exposure to IFN-γ, LPS or exogenous particles.

» Online Version

Proven Track Record

The team at Ozgene has over two decades of experience creating customised knockout and knock-in mice for pivotal medical research globally. Over 400 scientific publications are based on research using Ozgene mice.

Go to Publications

Global Client Base

Ozgene generates genetically customised mice for researchers around the world. Ozgene mice can be found in 31 different countries on 5 continents from small academic institutions to multinational pharmaceutical companies.

See Client Papers

Lean Management

Ozgene is applying Lean Management principles to deliver the highest quality services and shortest lead times to our customers. The implementation of Lean Culture has already seen an improvement in our processes and timelines.

Read More