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Characterization of E-selectin-deficient mice: demonstration of overlapping function of the endothelial selectins.

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1994

Immunity. 1994 Nov;1(8):709-20.

Characterization of E-selectin-deficient mice: demonstration of overlapping function of the endothelial selectins.

MA Labow;CR Norton;JM Rumberger;KM Lombard-Gillooly;DJ Shuster;J Hubbard;R Bertko;PA Knaack;RW Terry;MJ Harbison;F Kontgen;CL Stewart;KW McIntyre;PC Will;DK Burns;BA Wolitzky

Roche Research Center, Hoffmann-La Roche, Incorporated, New Jersey 07110-1199, USA.

Service type: Knockout mice

Abstract

The initial rolling interaction of leukocytes with the blood vessel wall during leukocyte trafficking has been postulated to rely on members of the selectin family of adhesion molecules. Two selectins, E-selectin and P-selectin, have been identified that are expressed on activated endothelial cells. Mice deficient in E-selectin expression have been produced in order to examine the role of this selectin in leukocyte trafficking. Mice homozygous for an E-selectin null mutation were viable and exhibited no obvious developmental alterations. E-selectin-deficient mice displayed no significant change in the trafficking of neutrophils in several models of inflammation. However, blocking both endothelial selectins by treatment of the E-selectin-deficient animals with an anti-murine P-selectin antibody, 5H1, significantly inhibited neutrophil emigration in two distinct models of inflammation. While neutrophil accumulation at early times during thioglycollate-induced peritonitis was dependent on P-selectin, neutrophil accumulation at later time points was blocked by 5H1 only in E-selectin-deficient mice but not in wild-type mice. Similarly, edema as well as leukocyte accumulation in a model of delayed-type hypersensitivity in the skin was almost completely prevented by blockade of P-selectin function with 5H1 in the E-selectin-deficient mice while the same treatment had no effect in wild-type mice. These data demonstrate that the majority of neutrophil migration in both models requires an endothelial selectin but that E-selectin and P-selectin are functionally redundant. These data have important implications in the use of selectin antagonists in the treatment of inflammatory disease.

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