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Dido3-dependent SFPQ recruitment maintains efficiency in mammalian alternative splicing

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2019

Nucleic Acids Res. 2019 Jun 4;47(10):5381-5394. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkz235.

Dido3-dependent SFPQ recruitment maintains efficiency in mammalian alternative splicing

Carmen Mora Gallardo, Ainhoa Sánchez de Diego, Julio Gutiérrez Hernández, Amaia Talavera-Gutiérrez, Thierry Fischer, Carlos Martínez-A, Karel H M van Wely

Department of Immunology and Oncology, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología (CNB)/CSIC, Darwin 3, Campus UAM Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain.

Service type: Knockout mice

Abstract

Alternative splicing is facilitated by accessory proteins that guide spliceosome subunits to the primary transcript. Many of these splicing factors recognize the RNA polymerase II tail, but SFPQ is a notable exception even though essential for mammalian RNA processing. This study reveals a novel role for Dido3, one of three Dido gene products, in alternative splicing. Binding of the Dido3 amino terminus to histones and to the polymerase jaw domain was previously reported, and here we show interaction between its carboxy terminus and SFPQ. We generated a mutant that eliminates Dido3 but preserves other Dido gene products, mimicking reduced Dido3 levels in myeloid neoplasms. Dido mutation suppressed SFPQ binding to RNA and increased skipping for a large group of exons. Exons bearing recognition sequences for alternative splicing factors were nonetheless included more efficiently. Reduced SFPQ recruitment may thus account for increased skipping of SFPQ-dependent exons, but could also generate a splicing factor surplus that becomes available to competing splice sites. Taken together, our data indicate that Dido3 is an adaptor that controls SFPQ utilization in RNA splicing. Distributing splicing factor recruitment over parallel pathways provides mammals with a simple mechanism to regulate exon usage while maintaining RNA splicing efficiency.

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