Genes Dev. 1995 Aug 15;9(16):1965
Mice lacking the c-rel proto-oncogene exhibit defects in lymphocyte proliferation, humoral immunity, and interleukin-2 expression.
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria, Australia.
Service type: Knockout mice
The c-rel proto-oncogene, which is expressed predominantly in hemopoietic cells encodes a subunit of the NF-kappa B-like family of transcription factors. In mice with an inactivated c-rel gene, whereas development of cells from all hemopoietic lineages appeared normal, humoral immunity was impaired and mature B and T cells were found to be unresponsive to most mitogenic stimuli. Phorbol ester and calcium ionophore costimulation, in contrast to certain membrane receptor-mediated signals, overcame the T cell-proliferative defect, demonstrating that T cell proliferation occurs by Rel-dependent and -independent mechanisms. The ability of exogenous interleukin-2 to restore T Cell, but not B cell, proliferation indicates that Rel regulates the expression of different genes in B and T cells that are crucial for cell division and immune function.View Publication